Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and in many cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent signs regardless of treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. Again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. Neuropathy may likewise be due to toxic effect of specific drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, numerous others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is generally discontinuation of the drug or dosage reduction. There may be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be avoided by offering pyridoxine together with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due check here to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.